There are many reasons for filing a ASRS report. Safety is the primary goal of the program; however, just about anyone
can participate in order to identify aviation related issues.
Anytime a pilot is involved in any aviation issue, it is prudent to file a report, particularly, if it is an incident in which the FAA might get involved.
For example, in the present issue, it appears that an IFR clearance was involved in order to “enter IMC at 2500” and
result in the “unusual attitude.” If this is the case, then it is likely that an altitude deviation may have occurred and ATC
became aware of it via radar “hit” or possible communication with the pilot after the recovery. Therefore, it would be prudent to file an ASRS report. Even if it is not the case, a report is desirable to assist in the many studies undertaken by ASRS.
As you may know, the ASRS program is described in
AC 00-46D, but has been established to identify issues in the
aviation system which need to be addressed. Some of the
suggestions made by the copa reporter are areas that the ASRS are interested in, and requested by the ASRS report, i.e., “Describe Event/Situation, keeping in mind the topics shown below, discuss those which you feel are relevant and anything else you think is important. Include what you believe really caused the problem, and what can be done to prevent a recurrence, or correct the situation.” The topics
are CHAIN OF EVENTS (How the problem arose, How it was discovered, Contributing factors, Corrective actions), and
HUMAN PERFORMANCE CONSIDERATIONS (Perceptions, judgments, decisions - Actions or inactions, Factors affecting the quality of human performance)
Also, this type of report might be one ASRS would choose to highlight in their “CALLBACK” publication to make pilots aware
of the importance of proficiency.
I know the importance and value of the ASRS program as I have known and worked with many of the analysts over about 20 years. ASRS wanted me to work there as an analyst with my experience on the B-747-400, but I refused so I would have more time in retirement to fly my sr20.
Hope this answers your inquiry.